Russian legislative election, 1906

March, 1906
→ 1907 (Jan)

All 478 seats to the
State Duma of the Russian Empire

Majority party
Minority party
Third party


Pavel Milyukov
Alexey Aladyin
Ivan Yefremov

Progressive Party

Seats won

Fourth party
Fifth party


Alexander Guchkov
Julius Martov

Union of October 17
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

Seats won

Sergey Muromtsev
Constitutional Democratic Party

Tsar Nicholas II’s opening speech before the two chambers on 27 April 1906

Sergey Muromtsev (1850-1910) was the President of the First State Duma

Prime Minister Ivan Goremykin (1839-1917) was instrumental in the dissolution of the First State Duma

Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April. At stake were the 478 seats in the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the legislative assembly. Election for the First State Duma, which only ran from 27 April to 21 July 1906, returned a significant bloc of moderate socialists and two liberal parties which demanded further reforms. For this reason, it is sometimes called the Duma of Public Anger (Дума народного гнева).


1 History

1.1 Electoral legislation
1.2 Basic Law
1.3 Session
1.4 Dissolution
1.5 Composition of the 1st State Duma

1.5.1 Polish members of the First Duma
1.5.2 Jewish members of the First Duma

2 Members of the First Duma
3 See also
4 References

The State Duma was created in a wave of violent attacks against imperial officials and public upheaval, which culminated in a national strike in October 1905 known as Russian Revolution of 1905, paving the way for Russia’s first parliament. With the nation’s infrastructure all but paralyzed, Tsar Nicholas II signed a historic manifesto of 17 October 1905, promising civil rights to the population and creating Russia’s first parliament.
Electoral legislation[edit]
The electoral laws were promulgated in December 1905 and introduced franchise to male citizens over 25 years of age, and electing through four electoral colleges. The elections were therefore not universal as they excluded women, soldiers, and officers. Nor were they equal since the constituencies differed greatly in size.
The general elections to the State Duma took place in March 1906 and were boycotted by t